Size Limits

Couchbase Server specifies size-limits, which affect server usage and implementation.

Table of Size Limits

The following limits are imposed by Couchbase Server.

Limit Default Value Description

Max key length

250 bytes

The maximum length of the document ID (key).

Max value size

20 MB

The maximum size of the document, typically in JSON format.

Max buckets per cluster


The maximum number of buckets in a cluster.

Max view key size

4096 bytes

The maximum size of the key (first attribute) in the emit() function.

Max doc size for indexing

20 MB

The maximum size of a document that can be indexed. The default value is set to 20 MB to ensure that all documents get indexed.

In Couchbase Server version 2.x and earlier, the view engine enforced a limit of 1MB on documents that can be indexed. As a result, when the size of a document exceeded the limit, the view engine (in version 2.x) did not index that document.

Max key-value size per document

1 MB

The maximum byte size allowed to be emitted for a single document and per view. This value is the sum of the sizes of all emitted keys and values.

If a document emits a key-value pair that exceeds the specified maximum key-value size per document, an error is logged and that document is not indexed.

Max concurrent key-value connections


Each Couchbase Data node allows, by default, up to 60,000 concurrent key-value connections in total to the two client ports — 11207 (SSL) and 11210 (plain).

Function timeout

1000 ms

The maximum duration (in milliseconds) to execute all the MapReduce functions in a design document against a single document (map function) or against a list of map values or reductions (reduce or rereduce function). If the execution time for a document exceeds the specified value, the execution is aborted and that document is not indexed.

Sub-document path length

1024 bytes

The maximum length of a sub-document path that may be used in a sub-document operation.

Sub-document path nesting level


The maximum number of levels a path may reference in a sub-document operation.