saslauthdis a daemon process that handles plaintext authentication requests on behalf of the SASL library.
Couchbase Server provides Native LDAP support. This allows external users to be authenticated by LDAP, and provides support for LDAP groups. For details on using this recommended procedure, see Configure LDAP.
saslauthd process can still be used to support authentication on LDAP or other servers if required.
In LDAP authentication, the
saslauthd process handles authentication requests on behalf of Couchbase Server while the LDAP protocol is used to connect to the LDAP server.
saslauthd agent, which must be installed and configured on each Couchbase Server node.
Note that either Native LDAP Support or
saslauthd must be selected for the cluster.
The two cannot be used simultaneously.
Note also that both Native LDAP Support and
saslauthd require clients to use the PLAIN authentication mechanism, ideally with TLS.
For an overview of authentication options on Couchbase Server, see Authentication.
If you have been using
saslauthd with previous versions of Couchbase Server, you are strongly recommended to migrate to Native LDAP.
See Authentication Domains for a full account of the benefits.
To migrate, proceed as follows:
Configure Native LDAP. This is described in detail, in Configure LDAP.
Note that the procedure provides two principal options, which are Enable LDAP user authentication and Enable LDAP group authorization & sync. During your configuration procedure:
You must select Enable LDAP user authentication, and then configure associated details.
If LDAP group authorization is required, you can select Enable LDAP group authorization & sync, and then configure associated details. Alternatively, you can leave this option disabled for now: it does not need to have been enabled, for migration to succeed. Instead, it can be enabled and configured later, after migration has been completed.
saslauthdauthentication, as follows:
couchbase-cli setting-saslauthd -c 10.143.192.101:9001 -u Administrator -p password --enabled 0
Perform appropriate tests, to ensure that authentication with Native LDAP is working correctly.
If you encounter any problems, you can re-enable
saslauthd, and continue to rely on it while you troubleshoot your environment.
If there are no problems, stop the
saslauthddaemon. All authentication for external users is now handled by Native LDAP.
This completes the migration process.
If you have chosen to support external authentication by means of
saslauthd, install your Unix operating system with the
saslauthd package that is supported for LDAP integration.
Make sure that you have the prerequisites for the LDAP software you are installing, such as OpenLDAP libraries.
On RPM-based distros, installation packages are a part of
cyrus-sasl rpm, so make sure that it is installed.
- CentOS 6
saslauthd 2.1.23or higher
- CentOS 7
saslauthd 2.1.26or higher
saslauthd 2.1.25or higher
saslauthd 2.1.23or higher
Make sure your LDAP setup is working, by running a test
ldapsearch as follows:
ldapsearch -LLL -H ldap://ldapserver:389 -D cn=someuser,ou=users,dc=mydomain,dc=com -w Passw0rd -x -bou=users,dc=mydomain,dc=com cn=someuser
Install the saslauthd package on your operating system.
On Ubuntu, install
saslauthd with the following command:
sudo apt-get install sasl2-bin
To communicate with the LDAP server, Couchbase Server makes use of the mux file provided by the saslauthd package.
The location of the mux file varies, according to distribution.
Couchbase Server checks for the file at two locations, which are
Debian/Ubuntu: By default, the file is located at
RHEL/CentOS 6: By default, the file is located at at
RHEL/CentOS 7: By default, the file is located at
/run/saslauthd/mux; but a symlink from
/run/allows Couchbase Server to access the file at
If, on your system, the location of the mux file is neither
/var/run/saslauthd/mux, set the
CBAUTH_SOCKPATH environment variable to the mux file’s actual location.
Couchbase Server will attempt to access the mux file there.
Ensure that the Couchbase Cluster is running. Then, enable external authentication on the cluster, using the Couchbase CLI
setting-saslauthdcommand: specifying server IP-address and port number, username and password:
couchbase-cli setting-saslauthd -c 10.143.192.101 \ --username Administrator \ --password password \ --enabled 1
--enabled 1enables external authentication, and
--enabled 0disables. See setting-saslauthd for further information. When successfully executed, the command provides the following notification:
SUCCESS: saslauthd settings modified.
Red Hat Enterprise Linux, CentOS, and Amazon Linux AMI edit /etc/sysconfig/saslauthd (
/etc/default/saslauthdon Debian/Ubuntu) to set the mechanism
Ubuntu and Debian edit /etc/default/saslauthd, setting
On Debian and Ubuntu, you should also add Couchbase to the
sudo adduser couchbase sasl
The default configuration file used to obtain the LDAP configuration parameters is located at /usr/local/etc/saslauthd.conf. Open this in your editor of choice.
Specify URIs of the LDAP servers used for authentication, such as
ldap://10.1.1.12/. Multiple LDAP servers can be specified in the list, which is then tested to find out whether one of the servers is offline. If you install OpenLDAP on the local host machine, you can specify the value
If using LDAP over SSL, you can specify the value
ldap_servers: ldaps://10.1.1.25 ldaps://10.1.1.15
Specify the distinguished name to which the search is relative. The search includes the base or objects below.
It also includes Domain Components (
dc) such as in
The administrative users created in LDAP with the attribute
uidare placed under the user’s organizational unit
ouunder the two domain components (
Specify the search filter. The values for these configuration options correspond to the values specific to the test. For example, to filter on email specify
Configure LDAP options
ldap_servers: ldaps://ad.example.net ldap_search_base: ou=Users,dc=example,dc=com ldap_filter: (uid=%u)
For sasld to run automatically on start up, you’ll need to change the
START = yes
Optionally, set up TLS.
If you wish to use saslauthd with TLS, add the following to your
ldap_start_tls: yes ldap_tls_cacert_dir: <your-cert-directory> ldap_tls_cacert_file: <your-crt-file>
Note that once you have added these lines, your inclusion of
ldap_start_tls: yesmeans that you may not now use
ldaps:<ldap_server>in your LDAP server configurations: therefore, if necessary, remove it.
Note also that you can use TCPtrace, to verify that TLS is enabled between saslauthd and LDAP.
If the connection is properly working, the user
couchbasemust have access to /var/run/saslauthd/mux (or the appropriate alternate directory for SUSE), in order to communicate to
Start the saslauthd service (or set it to start automatically with
service saslauthd restart Stopping saslauthd: [ OK ] Starting saslauthd: [ OK ] chkconfig saslauthd on chkconfig --list saslauthd saslauthd 0:off 1:off 2:on 3:on 4:on 5:on 6:off
saslauthdby using the
testsaslauthscript to test LDAP authentication:
sudo -u couchbase /usr/sbin/testsaslauthd -u <username> \ -p mypassword -f /var/run/saslauthd/mux 0: OK "Success."
Restart the Couchbase service, to allow authentication through the changed configuration.
$ sudo service couchbase-server restart
Putting the above steps into typical configuration files:
cat /etc/saslauthd.conf # ldap_servers: ldap:<URI>:<PORT> or ldaps:<URI>:<PORT> for TLS protected connection ldap_servers: ldap://my.company.com:389 # The administrative users created in LDAP with the attribute uid are placed under the user's # organizational unit ou under the two domain components (example and com). ldap_search_base: OU=InteractiveUsers,DC=my,DC=company,DC=com # Specifies the search filter. The values for these configuration options correspond to the # values specific to the test ldap_filter: uid=%u # Optional: specify a user to perform ldap queries ldap_bind_dn: CN=user_ldap,OU=Users,DC=my,DC=company,DC=com # Optional: specify ldap user’s password ldap_password: -sEcReTp#AssWoRd!
cat /etc/sysconfig/saslauthd # Just keep the default SOCKETDIR=/var/run/saslauthd # Make sure MECH is set to ldap (pam is default) MECH=ldap # Include the config file described above FLAGS="-O /etc/saslauthd.conf"
A common requirement is to delegate some or all authentication to another LDAP server.
Here is a sample
saslauthd configuration that uses Microsoft Active Directory (AD) as the LDAP server:
Here is a sample
saslauthd configuration with Microsoft Active Directory (AD):
ldap_servers: ldap://dc1.example.com:<port> ldap_search_base: cn=Users,DC=ad,DC=example,DC=com ldap_filter: sAMAccountName=%u ldap_bind_dn: cn=saslauthd,cn=Users,DC=ad,DC=example,DC=com ldap_password: secret
After you set up the LDAP server,
saslauthd, and LDAP administrators, likely causes of problems include:
Firewall ports are not open for LDAP.
The Proxy did not start or has started with an inappropriate protocol or hostname.
The configuration of saslauthd is incorrect (look at /etc/sysconfig/saslauthd or /etc/saslauthd.conf)
The LDAP filters are not correct.
You can also encounter error messages from the system. These errors belong either to issues caused by
saslauthdor the LDAP server.