Full Text Search (FTS) Using the Node.js SDK with Couchbase Server

    +
    You can use the Full Text Search service (FTS) to create queryable full-text indexes in Couchbase Server.

    FTS allows you to create, manage, and query full-text indexes on JSON documents stored in Couchbase buckets.

    It uses natural language processing for querying documents, provides relevance scoring on the results of your queries, and has fast indexes for querying a wide range of possible text searches.

    Supported query types include simple queries like Match and Term queries; range queries like Date Range and Numeric Range; and compound queries for conjunctions, disjunctions, and/or boolean queries.

    The Node.js SDK exposes an API for performing FTS queries which abstracts some of the complexity of using the underlying REST API.

    Examples

    Search queries are executed at the cluster level (not bucket or collection). All examples below will console log our returned documents along with their metadata and rows, each returned document has an index, id, score and sort value.

    Match

    Using the travel-sample Sample Bucket, we define an FTS SearchQuery using the match() method to search for the specified term: "five-star".

      async function ftsMatchWord(term) {
        return await cluster.searchQuery(
          'index-hotel-description',
          couchbase.SearchQuery.match(term),
          { limit: 5 }
        )
      }
    
      var result = await ftsMatchWord('five-star')
      console.log('RESULT:', result)
    Match Phrase

    An FTS SearchQuery using the matchPhrase() method to find a specified phrase: "10-minute walk from the".

      async function ftsMatchPhrase(phrase) {
        return await cluster.searchQuery(
          'index-hotel-description',
          couchbase.SearchQuery.matchPhrase(phrase),
          { limit: 10 }
        )
      }
    
      result = await ftsMatchPhrase('10-minute walk from the')
      console.log('RESULT:', result)

    When searching for a phrase we get some additional benefits outside of the match() method. The match phrase query for "10-minute walk from the" will produce the following hits from our travel-sample dataset:

    hits:
      hotel_11331: "10-minute walk from village"
      hotel_15915: "10 minute walk from Echo Arena"
      hotel_3606: "10 minute walk to the centre"
      hotel_28259: "10 minute walk to the coastal path"

    If you run this code, notice that we matched "10-minute" with three additional hits on "10 minute" (without the dash). So, we get some of the same matches on variations of that term just as we would with a regular match() method search, however; notice that "walk from the" hits on several variations of this phrase: "walk from" (where "the" was removed) and "walk to the" (where "from" was removed). This is specific to searching phrases and helps provide us with various matches relevant to our search.

    Date Range

    Here we define an FTS SearchQuery that uses the dateRange() method to search for hotels where the updated field (datetime) falls within a specified date range.

        async function ftsHotelByDateRange(startDate, endDate) {
          const upsertResult = await collection.upsert('hotel_fts_123', {
            name: 'HotelFTS',
            updated: new Date('2010-11-10 18:33:50 +0300'),
            description: 'a fancy hotel',
            type: 'hotel',
          })
    
          return await cluster.searchQuery(
            'index-hotel-description',
            couchbase.SearchQuery.dateRange().start(startDate).end(endDate),
            {
              limit: 5,
            }
          )
        }
    
        result = await ftsHotelByDateRange('2010-11-10', '2010-11-20')
        console.log('RESULT:', result)
    Conjunction

    A query satisfying multiple child queries. The example below will only return two documents hitting on the term "five-star" and the phrase "luxury hotel" while no other documents match both criteria.

      async function ftsConjunction() {
        return await cluster.searchQuery(
          'index-hotel-description',
          couchbase.SearchQuery.conjuncts(
            couchbase.SearchQuery.match('five-star'),
            couchbase.SearchQuery.matchPhrase('luxury hotel')
          )
        )
      }
    
      var result = await ftsConjunction()
      console.log('RESULT:', result)

    Note: Our match for "five-star" was not exact, but still produced a result because a similar term was found "Five star", we could have potentially matched "5 star" or the word "five". When you work with any full-text search the number of hits you get and their score are variable.

    Disjunction

    A query satisfying (by default) one query or another. If a conjunction query can be thought of like using an AND operator, a disjunction would be like using an OR operator. The example below will return seven documents hitting on the term "Louvre" and five hits on the term "Eiffel" returning a total of 12 rows together as part of a disjunction query.

      async function ftsDisjunction() {
        return await cluster.searchQuery(
          'index-hotel-description',
          couchbase.SearchQuery.disjuncts(
            couchbase.SearchQuery.match('Louvre'),
            couchbase.SearchQuery.match('Eiffel')
          ),
          {
            facets: {
              Descriptions: new couchbase.TermSearchFacet('description', 5),
            },
            limit: 12,
          }
        )
      }
    
      result = await ftsDisjunction()
      console.log('RESULT:', result)

    Working with Results

    As with all query result types in the Node.js SDK, the search query results object contains two properties. The hits reflecting the documents that matched your query, emitted as rows. Along with the metadata available in the meta property.

    Metadata holds additional information not directly related to your query, such as success total hits and how long the query took to execute in the cluster.

    Iterating over Hits
    result.rows.forEach((hit, index) => {
      const docId = hit.id
      const score = hit.score
      const resultNum = index + 1
      console.log(`Result #${resultNum} ID: ${docId} Score: ${score}`)
    })
    Facets
    var facets = result.meta.facets
    console.log('Descriptions facet:', facets.Descriptions)

    Scan Consistency and ConsistentWith

    By default, all Search queries will return the data from whatever is in the index at the time of query. These semantics can be tuned if needed so that the hits returned include the most recently performed mutations, at the cost of slightly higher latency since the index needs to be updated first.

    There are two ways to control consistency: either by supplying a custom SearchScanConsistency or using consistentWith. Like the majority of Couchbase query services, FTS allows RequestPlus queries — Read-Your-Own_Writes (RYOW) consistency, ensuring results contain information from updated indexes:

    Scan consistency example:
    result = await cluster.searchQuery(
      'index-hotel-description',
      couchbase.SearchQuery.match('swanky'),
      { consistency: couchbase.SearchScanConsistency.RequestPlus }
    )
    ConsistentWith consistency example:
        async function ftsHotelByDateRange(startDate, endDate) {
          const upsertResult = await collection.upsert('hotel_fts_123', {
            name: 'HotelFTS',
            updated: new Date('2010-11-10 18:33:50 +0300'),
            description: 'a fancy hotel',
            type: 'hotel',
          })
    
          const mutationState = new couchbase.MutationState(upsertResult.token)
          return await cluster.searchQuery(
            'index-hotel-description',
            couchbase.SearchQuery.dateRange().start(startDate).end(endDate),
            {
              limit: 5,
              consistentWith: mutationState,
            }
          )
        }
    
        result = await ftsHotelByDateRange('2010-11-10', '2010-11-20')
        console.log('RESULT:', result)