Search Request JSON Properties

  • reference
    +
    You can add additional properties to a Search request to control how the Search Service returns results.

    The following is an example Search request:

    {
        "query": {
            "must": {
                "conjuncts":[
                    {
                        "field": "free_breakfast",
                        "bool": false
                    },
                    {
                        "field": "ratings.Cleanliness",
                        "min": 1,
                        "max": 3,
                        "inclusive_min": true,
                        "inclusive_max": false
                    }
                ]
            },
            "must_not": {
                "disjuncts": [
                    {
                        "field": "geojson",
                        "geometry": {
                            "shape": {
                                "coordinates": [-2.2450285424707204, 53.48503270828377],
                                "type": "circle",
                                "radius": "100mi"
                            },
                            "relation": "within"
                        }
                    }
                ],
                "min": 1
            },
            "should": {
                "disjuncts": [
                    {
                        "match_phrase": "very nice",
                        "field": "reviews.content"
                    }
                ]
            }
        },
        "knn": [
            {
                "k": 10,
                "field": "vector_field",
                "vector": [ 0.707106781186548, 0, 0.707106781186548 ]
            }
        ],
        "ctl": {
            "timeout": 10000,
            "consistency": {
                "vectors": {
                    "searchIndexName": {
                        "607/205096593892159": 2,
                        "640/298739127912798": 4  
                    }
                },
                "level": "at_plus",
                "results": "complete"
            }
        },
        "size": 10,
        "from": 0,
        "highlight": {
    
            "style": "html",
            "fields": ["textField"]
    
        },
        "fields": ["textField"],
        "facets": {
    
            "field1": {
                "size": 5,
                "field": "field1"
            },
    
            "field2": {
                "size": 5,
                "field": "field2",
                "numeric_ranges": [
                    {
    
                        "name": "high",
                        "min": 7,
                        "max": 10
    
                    },
                    {
    
                        "name": "low",
                        "min": 0,
                        "max": 7
    
                    }
                 ]
            },
    
            "field3": {
                "size": 10,
                "field": "dateField",
                "date_ranges": [
                    {
                        "name": "old",
                        "start": "2020-12-31",
                        "end": "2023-12-31"
                    },
                    {
                        "name": "new",
                        "start": "2023-12-31",
                        "end": "2024-12-31"
                    }  
                ]
            }
    
        },
        "explain": true,
        "sort": [
    
            "field1",
                {
                    "by": "field",
                    "field": "field2",
                    "desc": false,
                    "mode": "max",
                    "missing": "last",
                    "type": "number"
                },
                "-_score",
                "-_id"
                
        ],
        "includeLocations": false,
        "score": "none",
        "search_after": ["field1Value", "5", "10.033205341869529", "1234"],
        "search_before": ["field1Value", "5", "10.033205341869529", "1234"],
        "limit": 10,
        "offset": 0,
        "collections": ["collection1", "collection2"]
    }

    A Search request can contain the following properties:

    Property Type Required? Description

    query

    Object

    Yes

    An object that contains the properties for one of the supported query types.

    For more information about how to configure the query object, see Query Object.

    knn

    Array of Objects

    Vector Only

    An array that contains objects that describe a Vector Search query.

    For more information about how to configure the objects inside a knn array, see Knn Objects.

    ctl

    Object

    No

    An object that contains properties for query consistency.

    For more information about how to configure Search query consistency inside the ctl object, see Ctl Object.

    size/limit

    Integer

    No

    Set the total number of results to return for a single page of search results.

    If you provide both the size and limit properties, the Search Service uses the size value.

    from/offset

    Integer

    No

    Set an offset value to change where pagination starts for search results, based on the Search query’s Sort Object.

    For example, if you set a size value of 5 and a from value of 10, the Search query returns results 11 through 15 on a page.

    If you provide both the from and offset properties, the Search Service uses the from value.

    highlight

    Object

    No

    Contains properties to control search result highlighting.

    For more information about how to configure highlighting in Search results, see Highlight Object.

    fields

    Array

    No

    An array of strings to specify each indexed field you want to return in search results.

    You must add a field and its contents to a Search index to view it in search results or add it to the fields array.

    facets

    Object

    No

    Contains {facet-name} objects to define each facet you want to return with search results.

    The Search Service supports the following facet types:

    • Term Facet: Counts the documents that have the same value for a specified field.

    • Numeric Range Facet: Counts the documents with numeric field values that are greater than or less than a specified range or ranges.

    • Date Range Facet: Counts the documents with date field values that are earlier or later than a specified range or ranges.

    For more information, about how to configure the different facet types inside the facets object, see {facet-name} Object.

    explain

    Boolean

    No

    To create an explanation for a search result’s score in search results, set explain to true.

    To turn off explanations for search result scoring, set explain to false.

    sort

    Array

    No

    Contains an array of strings or JSON objects to set how to sort search results.

    The strings can be:

    • {field_name}: Specify the name of a field to use to sort the search results.

    • _id: Use the document’s identifier to sort the search results.

    • _score: Use the document’s score from the Search query to sort the search results.

    For more information about the properties for a sort JSON object, see Sort Object.

    includeLocations

    Boolean

    No

    To return the position of each occurrence of a search term inside a document, set includeLocations to true.

    You must have Include Term Vectors enabled or the include_term_vectors property set to true on a field to use includeLocations. For more information about how to enable term vectors, see Child Field Options or Search Index JSON Properties.

    To turn off term locations, set includeLocations to false.

    score

    String

    No

    To turn off document relevancy scoring in search results, set score to none.

    To turn on document relevancy scoring in search results, remove the score property.

    search_after

    Array

    No

    If you use search_after in a search request, you can’t use search_before. Both properties are included in the example code to show the correct syntax.

    Use search_after with from/offset and sort to control pagination in search results.

    Give a value for each string or JSON object in the sort array to the search_after array. The Search Service starts search result pagination after the document with those values.

    You must provide the values in the same order that they appear in the sort array.

    For example, if you had a set of 10 documents to sort based on _id values of 1-10, with from set to 2 and search_after set to 8, documents 9-10 appear on the same page.

    search_before

    Array

    No

    If you use search_before in a search request, you can’t use search_after. Both properties are included in the example code to show the correct syntax.

    Use search_before with from/offset and sort to control pagination in search results.

    Give a value for each string or JSON object in the sort array to the search_before array. The Search Service starts search result pagination before the document with those values.

    You must provide the values in the same order that they appear in the sort array.

    For example, if you had a set of 10 documents to sort based on _id values of 1-10, with from set to 2 and search_before set to 8, documents 2-6 appear on the same page.

    collections

    Array

    No

    Contains an array of strings that specify the collections where you want to run the query.

    Knn Objects

    Each object inside the knn array in a Search query describes a Vector Search query.

    Add the knn array with at least one object to run a Vector Search query:

        "knn": [
            {
                "k": 10,
                "field": "vector_field",
                "vector": [ 0.707106781186548, 0, 0.707106781186548 ]
            }
        ],
    To run a Vector Search query, you must still include a query object with your Search request. To return only results from your Vector Search query, you can set the query object to a match_none query. To run a hybrid query that uses regular Search Service parameters together with Vector Search to return results, see the Query Object section.

    An object in the knn array can contain the following properties:

    Property Type Required? Description

    k

    Integer

    Yes

    Enter the total number of results that you want to return from your Vector Search query.

    The Search Service returns the k closest vectors to the vector given in vector.

    The size or limit property overrides any value set in k.

    field

    String

    Yes

    The name of the field that contains the vector data you want to search.

    vector

    Array of Floats

    Yes

    Enter the vector that you want to compare to the vector data in field.

    The Search Service uses the similarity metric defined in the Search index definition to return the k closest vectors from the Search index.

    The vector in your Search query must match the dimension of the vectors stored in your Search index. If the dimensions do not match, your Search query does not return any results. For more information about the dimension value, see the dims property or the Dimension option in the UI.

    Query Object

    Use the query object to set the specific details of your Search query.

    Use the properties in the query object to control search result rankings, add multiple subqueries, and more.

    {
        "query": {
            "must": {
                "conjuncts":[
                    {
                        "field": "free_breakfast",
                        "bool": false
                    },
                    {
                        "field": "ratings.Cleanliness",
                        "min": 1,
                        "max": 3,
                        "inclusive_min": true,
                        "inclusive_max": false
                    }
                ]
            },
            "must_not": {
                "disjuncts": [
                    {
                        "field": "geojson",
                        "geometry": {
                            "shape": {
                                "coordinates": [-2.2450285424707204, 53.48503270828377],
                                "type": "circle",
                                "radius": "100mi"
                            },
                            "relation": "within"
                        }
                    }
                ],
                "min": 1
            },
            "should": {
                "disjuncts": [
                    {
                        "match_phrase": "very nice",
                        "field": "reviews.content"
                    }
                ]
            }
        },

    Boolean Queries

    Use any of the following properties to run a boolean query. A boolean query searches for a combination of queries that a document must match to be included in search results.

    Boolean queries use a compound query array inside the must, must_not and should objects to set the queries a document must match.

    Property Type Description Examples

    must

    Object

    Use a must object to create a boolean query.

    A must object must contain a conjuncts array. The array lists all the queries that must have a match in a document to include the document in search results.

    For example, a query could have a must object with 2 queries in a conjuncts array. The Search Service must find a match for both those queries in a document to include it in search results.

    reviews.content field must contain "location" and the phrase "nice view"
    {
        "query":{
            "must":{
                "conjuncts":[
                    {
                        "field": "reviews.content", 
                        "match": "location"
                    },
                    {
                        "field":"reviews.content",
                        "match_phrase": "nice view"
                    }
                ]
            }
        }
    }

    must_not

    Object

    Use a must_not object to create a boolean query.

    A must_not object must contain a disjuncts array. The array lists all the queries that must have a match in a document to include the document in search results.

    For example, a query could have a must_not object with 3 queries in a disjuncts array. The Search Service must not find a match for any of the 3 queries in a document to include it in search results.

    free_breakfast field must not be false and reviews.Cleanliness field must not be between 1 and 3
    {
        "query":{
            "must_not":{
                "disjuncts":[
                    {
                        "field": "free_breakfast",
                        "bool": false
                    },
                    {
                        "field": "ratings.Cleanliness",
                        "min": 1,
                        "max": 3
                    }
                ]
            }
        }
    }

    should

    Object

    Use a should object to create a boolean query.

    A should object must contain a disjuncts array. The array lists all the queries that must have a match in a document to score the document higher in search results.

    A document can be included in search results if it does not match the query or queries in a should object. The document scores higher in search results if it does match the query.

    free_parking and free_internet fields should be true
    {
        "query":{
            "should":{
                "disjuncts":[
                    {
                        "field": "free_parking",
                        "bool": true
                    },
                    {
                        "field": "free_internet",
                        "bool": true
                    }
                ],
                "min": 1
            }
        }
    }

    Compound Queries (AND and OR)

    Use a compound query array to specify multiple child queries that must have a match in a document for that document to be included in search results.

    You must use compound query arrays to run a boolean query, but you can use a compound query array outside of a boolean query.

    You can use 2 different types of compound queries:

    Property Type Description Examples

    conjuncts

    Array

    Use the conjuncts array to specify multiple child queries in a single query object.

    You can use the conjuncts array inside a must object or directly inside a query object.

    If you use the conjuncts array, every query object in the array must have a match in a document to include the document in search results.

    You can create objects in a conjuncts array to describe any of the available query types:

    reviews.date field must be between 2001-10-09 and 2016-10-31 and description field must contain "pool"
    {
        "query":{
            "conjuncts":[
                {
                    "field": "reviews.date",
                    "start": "2001-10-09",
                    "end": "2016-10-31",
                    "inclusive_start": false,
                    "inclusive_end": false
                },
                {
                    "field": "description",
                    "match": "pool"
                }
            ]
        }
    }

    disjuncts

    Array

    Use the disjuncts array to specify multiple child queries in a single query object.

    You can use the disjuncts array inside a must_not object, should object, or directly inside a query object.

    Use a min property to set the number of query objects from the disjuncts array that must have a match in a document. If a document does not match the min number of query objects, the Search Service does not include the document in search results.

    You can create objects in a disjuncts array to describe any of the available query types:

    free_parking field must be true or checkin field must be "1PM"
    {
        "query":{
            "disjuncts":[
                {
                    "field": "free_parking",
                    "bool": true
                },
                {
                    "field": "checkin",
                    "match": "1PM"
                }
            ],
            "min": 1
        }
    }

    Query String Query Syntax

    Use the following properties and syntax to run a Query String query.

    Query String queries let you express more complex queries with a special syntax. You can reduce the properties you need to specify for a Search query with Query String syntax.

    If you do not add any additional Query String syntax to a query, the Search Service interprets the query as a match query. It searches for an exact match to the provided term in any fields that have been added to the default field. For more information about how to configure the default field for your Search index, see Set Search Index General Settings or the default_field property.

    Query String syntax is not recommended for use in production environments.
    Operator Property Description Examples

    ^

    See boost.

    If you use multiple clauses in a query, you can use the ^ operator to assign the relative importance to a clause.

    Clauses with a larger number after the ^ operator score higher and appear earlier in search results.

    Query String query with a boost on the name field containing pool
    {
        "query": {
            "query": "description:pool name:pool^5"
        }
    }

    >, >=, <, and

    See Date Range Queries or Numeric Range Queries.

    You can run two types of range queries with the the later than (>), later than or equal to (>=), earlier than (<), and earlier than or equal to () operators:

    • Use the operators with a date value to run a date range query. The Search Service searches for a date value in the specified field that matches the specified operator.

    • Use operators with a numeric value to run a numeric range query. The Search Service searches for a numeric value in the specified field that matches the specified operator.

    Query String query for a date in the created field after September 21, 2016
    {
        "query": {
            "query": "reviews.date:>\"2012-09-21\""
        }
    }
    Query String query for a rating in the reviews.ratings.Cleanliness field greater than 4
    {
        "query": {
            "query": "reviews.ratings.Cleanliness:>4"
        }
    }

    \

    N/A

    Use a backslash character (\) to escape characters in a Query String query.

    You must escape the following characters to search for them literally in a Query String query:

    • Quotes (")

    • Plus sign (+)

    • Dash (-)

    • Equals sign (=)

    • Ampersand (&)

    • Caret (^)

    • Asterix (*)

    • Pipe (|)

    • Greater than and less than symbol (> and <)

    • Exclamation mark (!)

    • Question mark (?)

    • Parentheses (( ))

    • Curly braces ({ })

    • Square brackets ([ ])

    • Single or double backslash (\)

    • Forward slash (/)

    • Tilde (~)

    • Colon (:)

    Query String match query with escaped exclamation mark (!)
    {
        "query": {
            "query": "\!"
        }
    }
    Query String match phrase query with escaped quotation mark (")
    { 
        "query": {
            "query": "\" a phrase in quotes \""
        }
    }

    {field-name}:

    See field.

    Set the field in a document where the Search Service should search for your query by adding a field name and a colon to the start of a search term.

    Use dot notation for the field name. For example, parentField.childField.

    The Query String syntax does not support SQL++ field syntax. For example, you cannot use [*] or [3] as array locations in a field name path.

    Query String query for "pool" in the description field
    { 
        "query": {
            "query": "description:pool"
        }
    }

    + and -

    See the must property, must_not property, and should property.

    Use the + and - operators before a clause in a Query String query to run a boolean query:

    • The + operator adds the clause to the MUST list of a boolean query.

    • The - operator adds the clause to the MUST_NOT list of a boolean query.

    • The Search Service adds any additional query clauses not marked with a + or a - operator to the SHOULD list of a boolean query.

    Documents that match the SHOULD list of queries score higher than those that do not return a match.

    Query String query with boolean syntax
    {
        "query": {
            "query": "+description:pool -continental breakfast"
        }
    }

    The Query String syntax specifies that:

    • The document must have pool in the description field.

    • The document must not have continental in the default field.

    • The document should have breakfast in the default field.

    ""

    See match_phrase property.

    Surround a search term in quotation marks (" ") to run a match phrase query.

    To use a match phrase query:

    • You must specify a field to search with the field property or the {field-name} syntax in your search query.

    • You must have Include Term Vectors enabled or the include_term_vectors property set to true on the field you want to search.

    For more information about how to enable term vectors, see Child Field Options or Search Index JSON Properties.

    The Search Service searches for exact matches to the phrase you specify.

    Query String match phrase query for "continental breakfast"
    { 
        "query": {
            "query": "continental breakfast"
        }
    }

    Analytic Queries

    Analytic queries use an analyzer to analyze the contents of your Search query, and find a match in the documents inside your Search index.

    For more information about analyzers, see Customize a Search Index with the Web Console.

    From Couchbase Server 7.6 and later, when you run a Search query with the SQL++ Search Function, the analyzer used in your Analytic query does not need to match the analyzer used in the Search index.
    Property Type Description Examples

    match

    String

    Use the match property to run a match query. The Search Service searches for an exact match to the specified term inside the Search index’s default field.

    You can set a specific field to search with the field property.

    You can change the matching behavior by using the fuzziness property.

    You cannot include spaces inside the string you provide to the match property without specifying the operator property, which tells the Search Service how to interpret the string.

    For more information about the properties you can specify with a match query, see Additional Query Object Properties.

    Match query for "best" or "great" in reviews.content with the "standard" analyzer
    {
        "query": {
            "match": "best great",
            "field": "reviews.content",
            "analyzer": "standard",
            "operator": "or"
        }
    }

    match_phrase

    String

    Use the match_phrase property to run a match phrase query. The Search Service searches for exact matches to the phrase you specify.

    Unlike a match query string, a match_phrase query string can contain spaces without using the operator property.

    To use a match phrase query:

    • You must specify a field to search with the field property or the {field-name} syntax in your search query.

    • You must have Include Term Vectors enabled or the include_term_vectors property set to true on the field you want to search.

    For more information about how to enable term vectors, see Child Field Options or Search Index JSON Properties.

    For more information about the additional properties you can specify with a match phrase query, see Additional Query Object Properties.

    Match phrase query for "very nice" in reviews.content
    {
        "query": {
            "match_phrase": "very nice",
            "field": "reviews.content"
        }
    }

    Non-Analytic Queries

    Use Non-Analytic queries to run a search query without using an analyzer on the contents of your Search query.

    For more information about analyzers, see Customize a Search Index with the Web Console.

    From Couchbase Server 7.6 and later, when you run a Search query with the SQL++ Search Function, you do not need to use the keyword analyzer in your Search index to run a non-analytic query.
    Property Type Description Examples

    bool

    Boolean

    Use the bool property to query a field that contains a boolean value.

    Use the field property and set the bool property to true or false to run a search.

    The Search Service does not use any analyzers on the contents of your query.

    For more information about the additional properties you can specify with a bool query, see Additional Query Object Properties.

    Search for documents where the pets_ok field is true
    { 
        "query": {
            "field": "pets_ok",
            "bool": true
        }
    }

    prefix

    String

    Use the prefix property to run a prefix query.

    Set the property to a string to return matches for any term that starts with that string in search results.

    For example, you could set the prefix property to inter to return matches for interview, internal, interesting, and so on.

    If you use the prefix property, the Search Service does not use any analyzers on the contents of your query text.

    For more information about the additional properties you can specify with a prefix query, see Additional Query Object Properties.

    Search for terms that start with "inter" inside the reviews.content field
    {
        "query": {
            "prefix": "inter",
            "field": "reviews.content"
        }
    }

    regexp

    String

    Use the regexp property to run a regular expression query.

    Set the property to a regular expression to return matches for that regular expression in search results.

    If you use the regexp property, the Search Service does not use any analyzers on the contents of your query text.

    For more information about the additional properties you can specify with a regexp query, see Additional Query Object Properties.

    Search for terms that match the regular expression "plan.+" inside the reviews.content field
    { 
        "query": {
            "regexp": "plan.+",
            "field": "reviews.content"
        }
    }

    term

    String

    Use the term property to run a term query.

    The Search Service searches for an exact match for the text you provide in the term property.

    You can change the matching behavior by using the fuzziness property.

    If you use the term property, the Search Service does not use any analyzers on the contents of your query text.

    For more information about the additional properties you can specify with a term query, see Additional Query Object Properties.

    Search for terms that match the term "interest" inside the reviews.content field with a fuzziness of 2
    { 
        "query": {
            "term": "interest",
            "field": "reviews.content",
            "fuzziness": 2
        }
    }

    terms

    Array

    Use the terms array to run a phrase query. The Search Service searches for the strings you provide in the terms array in the specified order.

    Unlike the match_phrase property, the terms array does not use any analyzers on the contents of your query text.

    For example, set the terms array to ["nice", "view"]. The Search Service looks for any occurrences of nice in a document that are followed by an occurrence of view.

    To use a phrase query:

    • You must set the field property in your search query.

    • You must have Include Term Vectors enabled or the include_term_vectors property set to true on the field you want to search.

    For more information about how to enable term vectors, see Child Field Options or Search Index JSON Properties.

    Search for the phrase "nice view" in the reviews.content field
    { 
        "query": {
            "terms": ["nice", "view"],
            "field": "reviews.content"
        }
    }

    wildcard

    String

    Use the wildcard property to run a wildcard query.

    Set the property to a regular expression that includes a wildcard character in the middle or end of a search term:

    • Use ? to allow a match to any single character.

    • Use * to allow a match to zero or many characters.

    For example, you could set the wildcard property to inter* to return matches for interview, interject, internal, and so on.

    You cannot place the wildcard character at the start of the search term.

    If you use the wildcard property, the Search Service does not use any analyzers on the contents of your query text.

    Search for any terms that start with "inter" followed by zero or more characters in the reviews.content field
    { 
        "query": {
            "wildcard": "inter*",
            "field": "reviews.content"
        }
    }

    Numeric Range Queries

    Use a numeric range query to search for a range of numbers inside documents in your Search index:

    { 
        "query": {
            "min": 3,
            "max": 5,
            "inclusive_min": false,
            "inclusive_max": true,
            "field": "reviews.ratings.Cleanliness"
        }
    }

    The field value is an optional property. For more information about the field property, see Additional Query Object Properties.

    Property Type Required? Description

    min

    Integer

    No

    Set the minimum value of the numeric range that you want to search for.

    You can specify only a min value or only a max value on your numeric range.

    By default, min is inclusive to the range.

    max

    Integer

    No

    Set the maximum value of the numeric range that you want to search for.

    You can specify only a max value or only a min value on your numeric range.

    By default, max is exclusive to the range.

    inclusive_min

    Boolean

    No

    Set whether the Search Service should return documents that contain the exact min value.

    If you set inclusive_min to false, only values greater than min count as a match to your Search query.

    If you do not set the inclusive_min value, by default, min is inclusive to the range.

    inclusive_max

    Boolean

    No

    Set whether the Search Service should return documents that contain the exact max value.

    If you set inclusive_max to false, only values less than max count as a match to your Search query.

    If you do not set the inclusive_max value, by default, max is exclusive to the range.

    Date Range Queries

    Use a date range query to search for a range of date values inside documents in your Search index:

    {
        "query": {
            "start": "2001-10-09T10:20:30-08:00",
            "end": "2016-10-31",
            "inclusive_start": false,
            "inclusive_end": false,
            "field": "reviews.date"
        }
    }

    The field value is an optional property. For more information about the field property, see Additional Query Object Properties.

    Property Type Required? Description

    start

    Integer

    No

    Set the start date of the date range that you want to search for.

    You can specify only a start value or only a end value on your date range.

    By default, start is inclusive to the range.

    end

    Integer

    No

    Set the end date of the date range that you want to search for.

    You can specify only a end value or only a start value on your date range.

    By default, end is exclusive to the range.

    inclusive_start

    Boolean

    No

    Set whether the Search Service should return documents that contain the exact start value.

    If you set inclusive_start to false, only dates later than start count as a match to your Search query.

    If you do not set the inclusive_start value, by default, start is inclusive to the range.

    inclusive_end

    Boolean

    No

    Set whether the Search Service should return documents that contain the exact end value.

    If you set inclusive_end to false, only dates earlier than end count as a match to your Search query.

    If you do not set the inclusive_end value, by default, end is exclusive to the range.

    Term Range Queries

    Use a term range query to search for a range of terms inside documents in your Search index.

    For example, the following query searches for any terms that occur in alphabetical order between be and beautiful from the reviews.content field in a Search index:

    { 
        "query": {  
            "min": "be", 
            "max": "beautiful",  
            "inclusive_min": true,  
            "inclusive_max": true,  
            "field": "reviews.content" 
        }
    }

    The query returns results such as beach, beaches, beans, and beast.

    The field value is an optional property. For more information about the field property, see Additional Query Object Properties.

    Property Type Required? Description

    min

    Integer

    No

    Set the minimum term of the term range that you want to search for.

    You can specify only a min value or only a max value on your term range.

    By default, min is inclusive to the range.

    max

    Integer

    No

    Set the minimum term of the term range that you want to search for.

    You can specify only a max value or only a min value on your term range.

    By default, max is exclusive to the range.

    inclusive_min

    Boolean

    No

    Set whether the Search Service should return documents that contain the exact min value.

    If you set inclusive_min to false, only terms that would occur after min in the dictionary count as a match to your Search query.

    If you do not set the inclusive_min value, by default, min is inclusive to the range.

    inclusive_max

    Boolean

    No

    Set whether the Search Service should return documents that contain the exact max value.

    If you set inclusive_max to false, only terms that would occur before max in the dictionary count as a match to your Search query.

    If you do not set the inclusive_max value, by default, max is exclusive to the range.

    IP Address Range Queries

    Use an IP Address Range query to search for IP address data in your Search index.

    You can use IPv4 or IPv6 CIDR syntax in your query.

    For example, the following query searches for any IP addresses in the range 2.7.13.141/32 and 2001:4860:4860::8888/24:

    {
        "query": {
            "conjuncts": [
                {
                    "cidr": "2.7.13.0/24",
                    "field": "ipv4"
                },
                {
                    "cidr": "2001:db8:1234:5678::/119",
                    "field": "ipv6"
                }
            ]
        }
    }
    If your IP range includes over 1024 IP addresses, you must update the bleveMaxResultWindow setting to accommodate your results. For more information about how to change this setting, see bleveMaxResultWindow.
    Property Type Required? Description

    cidr

    String Containing An IPv4 or IPv6 IP Address

    Yes

    Enter an IP address range or single IP address, in IPv4 or IPv6 CIDR notation.

    The Search Service returns documents with IP addresses that fall inside the specified range or match the specified IP address.

    Distance/Radius-Based Geopoint Queries

    Use a Geopoint distance/radius-based query to search for geo location values in a set radius around a specified latitude and longitude:

    {
      "query": {
          "location": {
            "lon": -2.235143,
            "lat": 53.482358
          },
            "distance": "100mi",
            "field": "geo"
      }
    }

    To use a Geopoint query, you must have a child field in your Search index with the geopoint type. For more information about how to create a child field, see Create a Child Field or the {field-name} object.

    Property Type Required? Description

    location

    Object or Array

    Yes

    Set the geo location value to use as the center of the search radius for your query.

    If you use location as an object, you must set two values:

    • lon: The longitude of the geo location to use as the center of the search radius.

    • lat: The latitude of the geo location to use as the center of the search radius.

    If you use location as an array, your array must contain a longitude value followed by a latitude value. For example, [-2.235143, 53.482358], where -2.235143 is the longitude.

    distance

    String

    Yes

    The radius where the Search Service should search for matching geo location values.

    Enter the radius as a single string, with a numeric value and a unit value. For example, 100.5mi.

    You can use the following distance units:

    • mm: Millimeters

    • cm: Centimeters

    • in: Inches

    • yd: Yards

    • ft: Feet

    • m: Meters

    • km: Kilometers

    • mi: Miles

    • nm: Nautical miles

    Rectangle-Based Geopoint Queries

    Use a Geopoint rectangle-based query to search for geo location values in a defined rectangle:

    { 
      "query": {
          "top_left": [-2.235143, 53.482358],
          "bottom_right": {
            "lon": 28.955043,
            "lat": 40.991862
          },
          "field": "geo"
      }
    }

    The Search Service takes a value for the top-left and bottom-right corners of a rectangle, and draws a bounding box that connects those points. The resulting rectangle is used as the search area for geo location values.

    To use a Geopoint query, you must have a child field in your Search index with the geopoint type. For more information about how to create a child field, see Create a Child Field or the {field-name} object.

    Property Type Required? Description

    top_left

    Object or Array

    Yes

    Set the geo location value to use as the top-left corner point of the rectangle search area.

    If you use top_left as an object, you must set two values:

    • lon: The longitude of the geo location to use as the top-left corner of the rectangle.

    • lat: The latitude of the geo location to use as the top-left corner of the rectangle.

    If you use top_left as an array, your array must contain a longitude floating point value followed by a latitude floating point value. For example, [-2.235143, 53.482358], where -2.235143 is the longitude.

    bottom_right

    Object or Array

    Yes

    Set the geo location value to use as the bottom-right corner point of the rectangle search area.

    If you use bottom_right as an object, you must set two values:

    • lon: The longitude of the geo location to use as the bottom-right corner of the rectangle.

    • lat: The latitude of the geo location to use as the bottom-right corner of the rectangle.

    If you use bottom_right as an array, your array must contain a longitude floating point value followed by a latitude floating point value. For example, [-2.235143, 53.482358], where -2.235143 is the longitude.

    Polygon-Based Geopoint Queries

    Use a Geopoint polygon-based query to search for geo location values in a defined polygon:

    {
      "query": {
          "field": "geo",
          "polygon_points": [
            "37.79393211306212,-122.44234633404847",
            "37.77995881733997,-122.43977141339417",
            "37.788031092020155,-122.42925715405579",
            "37.79026946582319,-122.41149020154114",
            "37.79571192027403,-122.40735054016113",
            "37.79393211306212,-122.44234633404847"
          ]
      }
    }

    The Search Service takes an array of latitude and longitude values and connects them in the specified order to form a polygon. The resulting polygon is used as the search area for geo location values.

    To use a Geopoint query, you must have a child field in your Search index with the geopoint type. For more information about how to create a child field, see Create a Child Field or the {field-name} object.

    Property Type Required? Description

    polygon_points

    Array

    Yes

    Set an array of latitude and longitude string values to use as the points in your polygon search area.

    For example, an array of [ "37.79393211306212,-122.44234633404847", "37.77995881733997,-122.43977141339417", "37.788031092020155,-122.42925715405579"] is interpreted as 3 separate polygon points and creates a 3-sided polygon.

    For polygon_points, the first value in the string is the latitude, and the second is the longitude.

    You can set the last value in the array to the same value as the first latitude and longitude to explicitly close your polygon. Otherwise, the Search Service infers the polygon’s closure.

    Point GeoJSON Queries

    Use a GeoJSON Point query to search for a single latitude and longitude coordinate that intersects or is contained inside a GeoJSON shape in your documents:

    {
        "query": {        
            "field": "geojson",     
            "geometry": {                
                "shape": {                      
                    "type": "Point",                      
                    "coordinates": [0.47482593026924746, 51.31232878073189]               
                },                
                "relation": "intersects"          
            }    
        }
    }

    To use a GeoJSON query, you must have a child field in your Search index with the geoshape type. The geoshape field must contain a type property and a coordinates array. For more information about how to create a child field, see Create a Child Field or the {field-name} object.

    Property Type Required? Description

    geometry

    Object

    Yes

    Contains the shape property and relation property.

    Defines the GeoJSON shape and how the Search Service should find a match in documents.

    shape

    Object

    Yes

    Defines the specific GeoJSON shape to use in the query.

    type

    String

    Yes

    Set type to Point.

    coordinates

    Array

    Yes

    An array of coordinate floating point values that define the GeoJSON shape.

    For a point query, set the coordinates array to a single array with a longitude and latitude value.

    The Search Service uses the first value in the coordinates array as the longitude value.

    relation

    String

    Yes

    Set how the Search Service should return a match for a GeoJSON Point search.

    Your selected relation type determines which shapes return a match for your query.

    You can use the following string values in the relation property:

    • intersects: The defined query Point overlaps a defined Point or LineString, or exists within the defined area for a Polygon, Circle, or Envelope.

      For multi-shape geometries, the query point must only overlap with one Point, LineString, or Polygon.

    • contains: The defined query Point overlaps a defined Point or LineString, or exists within the defined area for a Polygon, Circle, or Envelope.

      For multi-shape geometries, the query point must only overlap with one Point, LineString, or Polygon.

    • within: Not supported for Point queries.

    LineString GeoJSON Queries

    Use a GeoJSON LineString query to search for a line of coordinates that intersects or is contained inside a GeoJSON shape in your documents:

    {
        "query": {
            "field": "geojson",
            "geometry": {
                "shape": {
                "type": "LineString",
                "coordinates": [
                        [-2.753735609842721, 53.94860827535115],
                        [-2.599898256093695,53.65007434185782]
                    ]
                },
                "relation": "intersects"
            }
        }
    }

    To use a GeoJSON query, you must have a child field in your Search index with the geoshape type. The geoshape field must contain a type property and a coordinates array. For more information about how to create a child field, see Create a Child Field or the {field-name} object.

    Property Type Required? Description

    geometry

    Object

    Yes

    Contains the shape property and relation property.

    Defines the GeoJSON shape and how the Search Service should find a match in documents.

    shape

    Object

    Yes

    Defines the specific GeoJSON shape to use in the query.

    type

    String

    Yes

    Set type to LineString.

    coordinates

    Array of Arrays

    Yes

    An array that contains arrays of 2 coordinate floating point values that define the GeoJSON LineString shape.

    For a linestring query, the coordinates array can contain multiple coordinate point arrays.

    The Search Service uses the first value in any nested coordinates array as the longitude value for the coordinate.

    relation

    String

    Yes

    Set how the Search Service should return a match for a GeoJSON LineString search.

    Your selected relation type determines which shapes return a match for your query.

    You can use the following string values in the relation property:

    • intersects: The defined query LineString overlaps a defined Point or LineString, or intersects with the defined edges of a Polygon, Circle, or Envelope.

      For multi-shape geometries, the defined LineString must only overlap one Point, or intersect one LineString or Polygon.

    • contains: The start and end points of the LineString are within the defined area of a Polygon, Circle, or Envelope.

      Points and LineStrings are not supported. For MultiPolygon or GeometryCollection shapes, only one Polygon must contain both the start and end points of the LineString.

    • within: Not supported for LineString queries.

    Polygon GeoJSON Queries

    Use a GeoJSON Polygon query to search for a defined area that intersects, is contained inside, or surrounds a GeoJSON shape in your documents:

    {
        "query": {
            "field": "geojson",
            "geometry": {
                "shape": {
                    "type": "Polygon",
                    "coordinates": [
                        [
                        [
                            0.47482593026924746,
                            51.31232878073189
                        ],
                        [
                            0.6143265647863245,
                            51.31232878073189
                        ],
                        [
                            0.6143265647863245,
                            51.384000374770466
                        ],
                        [
                            0.47482593026924746,
                            51.384000374770466
                        ],
                        [
                            0.47482593026924746,
                            51.31232878073189
                        ]
                        ]
                    ]
                },
                "relation": "within"
            }
        }
    }

    To use a GeoJSON query, you must have a child field in your Search index with the geoshape type. The geoshape field must contain a type property and a coordinates array. For more information about how to create a child field, see Create a Child Field or the {field-name} object.

    Property Type Required? Description

    geometry

    Object

    Yes

    Contains the shape property and relation property.

    Defines the GeoJSON shape and how the Search Service should find a match in documents.

    shape

    Object

    Yes

    Defines the specific GeoJSON shape to use in the query.

    type

    String

    Yes

    Set type to Polygon.

    coordinates

    Array of Arrays

    Yes

    An array that contains an outer array, and arrays of 2 coordinate floating point values that define the GeoJSON Polygon shape.

    The Search Service uses the first value in any nested coordinates array as the longitude value for the coordinate.

    The Search Service also follows strict GeoJSON syntax, and expects exterior coordinates in a polygon to be in counterclockwise order.

    relation

    String

    Yes

    Set how the Search Service should return a match for a GeoJSON Polygon search.

    Your selected relation type determines which shapes return a match for your query.

    You can use the following string values in the relation property:

    • intersects: The defined query Polygon contains a Point, or one of its edges intersects a LineString, Polygon, Circle, or Envelope.

      For multi-shape geometries, only one Point must be contained, or only one LineString or Polygon must intersect.

    • contains: The entire defined area of the query Polygon exists inside a Polygon, Circle, or Envelope.

      Points and LineStrings are not supported. For multi-shape geometries, one shape must contain the entirety of the defined query Polygon.

    • within: The query Polygon contains a Point, the endpoints of a LineString, or the entirety of a Polygon, Circle, or Envelope.

      For multi-shape geometries, the query Polygon must contain the entirety of each defined Point, LineString, or Polygon.

    MultiPoint GeoJSON Queries

    Use a GeoJSON MultiPoint query to search for multiple coordinate points that intersect or are contained inside a GeoJSON shape in your documents:

    {
        "query": {
            "field": "geojson",
            "geometry": {
                "shape": {
                    "type": "MultiPoint",
                    "coordinates": [
                        [1.954764, 50.962097],
                        [3.029578, 49.868547]
                    ]
                },
                "relation": "intersects"
            }
        }
    }

    To use a GeoJSON query, you must have a child field in your Search index with the geoshape type. The geoshape field must contain a type property and a coordinates array. For more information about how to create a child field, see Create a Child Field or the {field-name} object.

    Property Type Required? Description

    geometry

    Object

    Yes

    Contains the shape property and relation property.

    Defines the GeoJSON shape and how the Search Service should find a match in documents.

    shape

    Object

    Yes

    Defines the specific GeoJSON shape to use in the query.

    type

    String

    Yes

    Set type to MultiPoint.

    coordinates

    Array of Arrays

    Yes

    An array that contains arrays of 2 coordinate floating point values that define the GeoJSON MultiPoint shape.

    The Search Service uses the first value in any nested coordinates array as the longitude value for the coordinate.

    relation

    String

    Yes

    Set how the Search Service should return a match for a GeoJSON MultiPoint search.

    Your selected relation type determines which shapes return a match for your query.

    You can use the following string values in the relation property:

    • intersects: One of the points in the MultiPoint overlaps a Point or a LineString endpoint, or exists inside the area of a Polygon, Circle, or Envelope.

      For multi-shape geometries, only one Point must inside the shape or overlap a Point or endpoint.

    • contains: All points in the MultiPoint exist inside a Polygon, Circle, or Envelope.

      Points and LineStrings are not supported. A MultiPoint shape can return a match if all points in the query overlap with the MultiPoint in the document.

      A MultiPolygon or GeometryCollection returns a match if all query points exist within any of the defined Polygons or MultiPoints.

    • within: Any of the points in the query MultiPoint overlap with a defined Point.

      A MultiPoint shape returns a match if all points in the query overlap with the MultiPoint in the document.

    MultiLineString GeoJSON Queries

    Use a GeoJSON MultiLineString query to search for multiple LineStrings that intersect or are contained inside a GeoJSON shape in your documents:

    {
        "query": {
            "field": "geojson",
            "geometry": {
                "shape": {
                    "type": "MultiLineString",
                    "coordinates": [
                            [ [1.954764, 50.962097], [3.029578, 49.868547] ],
                            [ [3.029578, 49.868547], [-0.387444, 48.545836] ]
                        ]
                },
                "relation": "intersects"
            }
        }
    }

    To use a GeoJSON query, you must have a child field in your Search index with the geoshape type. The geoshape field must contain a type property and a coordinates array. For more information about how to create a child field, see Create a Child Field or the {field-name} object.

    Property Type Required? Description

    geometry

    Object

    Yes

    Contains the shape property and relation property.

    Defines the GeoJSON shape and how the Search Service should find a match in documents.

    shape

    Object

    Yes

    Defines the specific GeoJSON shape to use in the query.

    type

    String

    Yes

    Set type to MultiLineString.

    coordinates

    Array of Arrays

    Yes

    An array that contains nested arrays, each with their own nested arrays of 2 coordinate floating point values.

    For example, the following coordinates array defines 2 LineStrings with start and end points:

    "coordinates": [
        [
            [1.954764, 50.962097], [3.029578, 49.868547]
        ],
    
        [
            [3.029578, 49.868547], [-0.387444, 48.545836]
        ]
    ]

    The innermost arrays define the individual points for a LineString in the MultiLineString shape.

    The Search Service uses the first value in the nested coordinates arrays as the longitude value for a coordinate.

    relation

    String

    Yes

    Set how the Search Service should return a match for a GeoJSON MultiLineString search.

    Your selected relation type determines which shapes return a match for your query.

    You can use the following string values in the relation property:

    • intersects: Any LineString inside the defined query MultiLineString overlaps a defined Point or LineString, or intersects with the defined edges of a Polygon, Circle, or Envelope.

      For multi-shape geometries, any defined LineString must only overlap one Point, or intersect one LineString or Polygon.

    • contains: The start and end points of every LineString inside the defined query MultiLineString are within the defined area of a Polygon, Circle, or Envelope.

      Points and LineStrings are not supported. For MultiPolygon or GeometryCollection shapes, only one Polygon must contain both the start and end points of every LineString.

    • within: Not supported for MultiLineString queries.

    MultiPolygon GeoJSON Queries

    Use a GeoJSON MultiPolygon query to search for a group of defined Polygons that intersect, are contained inside, or surround a GeoJSON shape in your documents:

    {
        "query": {
            "field": "geojson",
            "geometry": {
                "shape": {
                    "type": "MultiPolygon",
                    "coordinates": [
                        [
                            [[-1.8167959002718135, 53.8626654046235],
                            [-1.8728039536828476, 53.6335890387158],
                            [-1.4029586167332582, 53.57727933778668],
                            [-1.0031233465474827, 53.664942195474936],
                            [-1.1742590653039997, 53.84522968338081],
                            [-1.5523134258297944, 53.89384804206853],
                            [-1.8167959002718135, 53.8626654046235]]
                        ],
                        [
                            [[-2.4935598789906805, 53.64373525825596],
                            [-2.664695597747226, 53.33735696804186],
                            [-2.0143798664721544, 53.28065279675474],
                            [-1.8572461610683888, 53.550482816448266],
                            [-2.309977926141812, 53.604982015453714],
                            [-2.4935598789906805, 53.64373525825596]]
                        ]
                    ]
                },
                "relation": "within"
            }
        }
    }

    To use a GeoJSON query, you must have a child field in your Search index with the geoshape type. The geoshape field must contain a type property and a coordinates array. For more information about how to create a child field, see Create a Child Field or the {field-name} object.

    Property Type Required? Description

    geometry

    Object

    Yes

    Contains the shape property and relation property.

    Defines the GeoJSON shape and how the Search Service should find a match in documents.

    shape

    Object

    Yes

    Defines the specific GeoJSON shape to use in the query.

    type

    String

    Yes

    Set type to MultiPolygon.

    coordinates

    Array of Arrays

    Yes

    An array that contains arrays that describe a GeoJSON Polygon shape.

    Each inner array that describes a Polygon can contain multiple arrays with 2 coordinate floating point values. These innermost arrays describe the coordinates of the Polygon.

    The Search Service uses the first value in any nested coordinates array as the longitude value for the coordinate.

    The Search Service also follows strict GeoJSON syntax, and expects exterior coordinates in a polygon to be in counterclockwise order.

    relation

    String

    Yes

    Set how the Search Service should return a match for a GeoJSON MultiPolygon search.

    Your selected relation type determines which shapes return a match for your query.

    You can use the following string values in the relation property:

    • intersects: Any of the Polygons defined in the query MultiPolygon contain a Point, or one of their edges intersects a LineString, Polygon, Circle, or Envelope.

      For multi-shape geometries, only one Point must be contained in a query Polygon, or only one LineString or Polygon must intersect.

    • contains: Every Polygon defined in the query MultiPolygon exists inside a Polygon, Circle, or Envelope.

      Points and LineStrings are not supported. For multi-shape geometries, one shape must contain the entirety of the defined query Polygons.

    • within: Any of the Polygons defined in the query MultiPolygon contain a Point, the endpoints of a LineString, or the entirety of a Polygon, Circle, or Envelope.

      For multi-shape geometries, any of the query Polygons must collectively contain the entirety of each defined Point, LineString, or Polygon.

    GeometryCollection GeoJSON Queries

    Use a GeoJSON GeometryCollection query to search for a group of defined Points, LineStrings, or Polygons that intersect, are contained inside, or surround a GeoJSON shape in your documents:

    {
        "query": {
            "field": "geojson",
            "geometry": {
                "shape": {
                    "type": "GeometryCollection",
                    "geometries": [
                        {
                            "type": "LineString",
                            "coordinates": [
                                [-2.753735609842721, 53.94860827535115],
                                [-2.599898256093695, 53.65007434185782]
                            ]
                        }, 
                        {
                            "type": "MultiPolygon",
                            "coordinates": [
                                [[
                                    [-1.8167959002718135, 53.8626654046235],
                                    [-1.8728039536828476, 53.6335890387158],
                                    [-1.4029586167332582, 53.57727933778668],
                                    [-1.0031233465474827, 53.664942195474936],
                                    [-1.1742590653039997, 53.84522968338081],
                                    [-1.5523134258297944, 53.89384804206853],
                                    [-1.8167959002718135, 53.8626654046235]
                                ]],
                                [[
                                    [-2.4935598789906805, 53.64373525825596],
                                    [-2.664695597747226, 53.33735696804186],
                                    [-2.0143798664721544, 53.28065279675474],
                                    [-1.8572461610683888, 53.550482816448266],
                                    [-2.309977926141812, 53.604982015453714],
                                    [-2.4935598789906805, 53.64373525825596]
                                ]]
                            ]
                        }
                    ]
                },
                "relation": "contains"
            }
        }
    }

    To use a GeoJSON query, you must have a child field in your Search index with the geoshape type. The geoshape field must contain a type property and a coordinates array. For more information about how to create a child field, see Create a Child Field or the {field-name} object.

    Property Type Required? Description

    geometry

    Object

    Yes

    Contains the shape property and relation property.

    Defines the GeoJSON shape and how the Search Service should find a match in documents.

    shape

    Object

    Yes

    type

    String

    Yes

    Set type to GeometryCollection.

    geometries

    Array of Objects

    Yes

    Contains objects to define each GeoJSON shape in the GeometryCollection.

    Each object in the geometries array has a type property and a coordinates property.

    Set the type property inside the object to the specific shape type you want to define:

    coordinates

    Array or Array of Arrays

    Yes

    An array or array of arrays that describes a GeoJSON shape.

    The exact structure of the arrays depends on the shape:

    For any array that contains only floating point values, the Search Service uses the first value as the longitude.

    The Search Service also follows strict GeoJSON syntax, and expects exterior coordinates in a polygon to be in counterclockwise order.

    relation

    String

    Yes

    Set how the Search Service should return a match for a GeoJSON GeometryCollection search.

    Your selected relation type determines which shapes return a match for your query.

    You can use the following string values in the relation property:

    • intersects: If any of the shapes in the query intersect with a shape in the document, the Search Service returns the document.

    • contains: Every shape in the query must be contained, cumulatively, inside the shape or shapes defined in a document.

    • within: Any of the shapes in a document must be contained within a shape in the query.

    Circle GeoJSON Queries

    Use a GeoJSON Circle query to search in a radius around a single latitude and longitude coordinate:

    {
        "query": {
            "field": "geojson",
            "geometry": {
                "shape": {
                    "coordinates": [-2.2450285424707204, 53.48503270828377],
                    "type": "Circle",
                    "radius": "100mi"
                },
                "relation": "within"
            }
        }
    }

    To use a GeoJSON query, you must have a child field in your Search index with the geoshape type. The geoshape field must contain a type property and a coordinates array. For more information about how to create a child field, see Create a Child Field or the {field-name} object.

    Property Type Required? Description

    geometry

    Object

    Yes

    Contains the shape property and relation property.

    Defines the GeoJSON shape and how the Search Service should find a match in documents.

    shape

    Object

    Yes

    Defines the specific GeoJSON shape to use in the query.

    type

    String

    Yes

    Set type to Circle.

    coordinates

    Array

    Yes

    An array of coordinate floating point values that define the center point of the Circle.

    Set the coordinates array to a single array with a longitude and latitude value.

    The Search Service uses the first value in the coordinates array as the longitude value.

    radius

    String

    Yes

    Set the radius of the Circle.

    Enter the radius as a single string, with a numeric value and a unit value. For example, 100.5mi.

    You can use the following distance units:

    • mm: Millimeters

    • cm: Centimeters

    • in: Inches

    • yd: Yards

    • ft: Feet

    • m: Meters

    • km: Kilometers

    • mi: Miles

    • nm: Nautical miles

    relation

    String

    Yes

    Set how the Search Service should return a match for a GeoJSON Circle search.

    Your selected relation type determines which shapes return a match for your query.

    You can use the following string values in the relation property:

    • intersects: A defined Point exists within the radius of the Circle, or a LineString, Polygon, Envelope or Circle intersects the Circle.

      For multi-shape geometries, the Circle must only contain with one Point, or intersect one LineString or Polygon.

    • contains: A defined Polygon, Envelope, or Circle contains the entire defined query Circle.

      Points and LineStrings are not supported. For MultiPolygons or GeometryCollections containing only Polygons, the query Circle must be contained by one Polygon.

    • within: All defined GeoJSON shapes in the document must exist inside the defined query Circle.

    Envelope GeoJSON Queries

    Use a GeoJSON Envelope query to search in a bounded rectangle, based on a pair of coordinates that define the minimum and maxium longitude and latitude:

    {
        "query": {
            "field": "geojson",
            "geometry": {
                "shape": {
                    "type": "Envelope",
                    "coordinates": [
                        [-3.1720240079703785, 53.58545703217979],
                        [-1.8566251855731082, 53.282076725710596]
                    ]
                },
                "relation": "intersects"
            }
        }
    }

    To use a GeoJSON query, you must have a child field in your Search index with the geoshape type. The geoshape field must contain a type property and a coordinates array. For more information about how to create a child field, see Create a Child Field or the {field-name} object.

    Property Type Required? Description

    geometry

    Object

    Yes

    Contains the shape property and relation property.

    Defines the GeoJSON shape and how the Search Service should find a match in documents.

    shape

    Object

    Yes

    Defines the specific GeoJSON shape to use in the query.

    type

    String

    Yes

    Set type to Envelope.

    coordinates

    Array of 2 Arrays

    Yes

    An array of 2 different arrays that contain coordinate floating point values.

    The first coordinates nested array contains the minimum longitude and maximum latitude, or the top-left corner of the rectangle.

    The second nested array contains the maximum longitude and minimum latitude, or the bottom-right corner.

    The Search Service uses the first value in the nested coordinates array as the longitude value.

    relation

    String

    Yes

    Set how the Search Service should return a match for a GeoJSON Envelope search.

    Your selected relation type determines which shapes return a match for your query.

    You can use the following string values in the relation property:

    • intersects: A defined Point exists within the Envelope, or a LineString, Polygon, Envelope or Circle intersects the Envelope.

      For multi-shape geometries, the Envelope must only contain with one Point, or intersect one LineString or Polygon.

    • contains: A defined Polygon, Envelope, or Circle contains the entire defined query Envelope.

      Points and LineStrings are not supported. For MultiPolygons or GeometryCollections containing only Polygons, the query Envelope must be contained by one Polygon.

    • within: All defined GeoJSON shapes in the document must exist inside the defined query Envelope.

    Special Queries

    You can use the following special queries as the only properties inside a query object to return all or no documents from your Search index in search results.

    Property Type Description Examples

    match_all

    Object

    Use the match_all object as the only property in your query object to return all documents from the Search index in search results.

    Return all documents in the Search index
    { 
        "query": {
            "match_all": {}
        }
    }

    match_none

    Object

    Use the match_none object as the only property in your query object to return no documents from the Search index in search results.

    If you’re using the knn object, the match_none object returns only matches to the Vector Search query inside the knn object.

    Return no documents from the Search index
    {
        "query": {
            "match_none": {}
        }
    }

    Additional Query Object Properties

    You can use the following properties to modify the results returned by specific query types.

    Property Type Description Examples

    analyzer

    String

    Use the analyzer property to modify the behavior of a match query or a match phrase query.

    Set the analyzer property to the name of the analyzer you want to use on the contents of the match property or match_phrase property.

    The specified analyzer only applies to the content of your Search request. It does not apply to the contents of documents in the Search index. However, the analyzer set on your Search request and in your Search index should match.

    Match query for "location" and "hostel" in reviews.content with the "en" analyzer
    {
        "query":{
            "match": "location hostel",
            "field": "reviews.content",
            "analyzer": "en"
        }
    }

    boost

    Integer

    If you use multiple clauses in a query, you can use the boost property to assign the relative importance to a clause.

    Clauses with a higher value in the boost property score higher and appear earlier in search results.

    Disjunction query with boost property on the city field containing glossop
    {
        "query": {
            "disjuncts": [
                {
                    "match": "glossop",
                    "field": "city",
                    "boost": 10
                },
                {
                    "match": "glossop",
                    "field": "title"
                }
            ]
        }
    }

    field

    String

    Specify a specific field name, using dot notation, where the Search Service should search for a match to your search query.

    Search for documents where the pets_ok field is true
    { 
        "query": {
            "field": "pets_ok",
            "bool": true
        }
    }

    fuzziness

    Integer

    Use the fuzziness property to run a fuzzy query.

    The fuzziness property uses your specified edit distance to match terms based on their similarity, rather than exact matches.

    You can set fuzziness to a maximum value of 2.

    Use the fuzziness property with the term property for a term query or the match property for a match query.

    Search for a match the term "interest" inside the reviews.content field with a fuzziness of 2
    { 
        "query": {
            "term": "interest",
            "field": "reviews.content",
            "fuzziness": 2
        }
    }

    operator

    String

    Use the operator property to modify the behavior of a match query:

    • "and": Any spaces between terms in the match property are interpreted as the AND operator. Documents must match all of the terms in the query.

    • "or": Any spaces between terms in the match property are interpreted as the OR operator. Documents must match at least one of the terms in the query.

    For example, if you set a match property to the value "good great" and the operator property to "and", the Search Service only returns matches for documents that contain good and great.

    If you set the operator property to "or", a document only needs to contain one of the terms from the match property: good or great.

    Match query for "best" or "worst" in reviews.content
    {
        "query": {
            "match": "best worst",
            "field": "reviews.content",
            "operator": "or"
        }
    }

    prefix_length

    Integer

    Use the prefix_length property to modify the behavior of a match query.

    The prefix_length changes a match query to a prefix match query. The Search Service matches terms based on the query and the result sharing a prefix of the specified length.

    Match query for "location hostel" in reviews.content with a prefix_length of 4
    {
        "query": {
            "match": "location hostel",
            "field": "reviews.content",
            "prefix_length": 4
        }
    }

    Ctl Object

    Use the ctl object to make sure that the Search Service runs your Search query against the latest version of the documents in your database.

    The ctl object and its properties cause the Search Service to run your query against the latest version of a document written to a vBucket. The Search Service uses a consistency vector to synchronize the last document write to a vBucket from the Data Service with the Search index.

        "ctl": {
            "timeout": 10000,
            "consistency": {
                "vectors": {
                    "searchIndexName": {
                        "607/205096593892159": 2,
                        "640/298739127912798": 4  
                    }
                },
                "level": "at_plus",
                "results": "complete"
            }
        },

    The ctl object contains the following properties:

    Property Type Required? Description

    timeout

    Integer

    No

    Set the maximum time, in milliseconds, that a Search query can execute on a Search index partition.

    If the query time exceeds the timeout, the Search Service cancels the query. The query might return partial results if any index partitions responded before the timeout.

    consistency

    Object

    Yes

    An object that contains a vectors object and the level and results properties.

    For more information, see Consistency Object.

    Consistency Object

    Use the consistency object to control the consistency behavior for a Search index:

            "consistency": {
                "vectors": {
                    "searchIndexName": {
                        "607/205096593892159": 2,
                        "640/298739127912798": 4  
                    }
                },
                "level": "at_plus",
                "results": "complete"
            }

    A consistency object has the following properties:

    Property Type Required? Description

    vectors

    Object

    Yes

    An object that contains a {search-index-name} object for each Search index in the query.

    For more information about the {search-index-name} object, see {search-index-name} Object.

    level

    String

    Yes

    Set the consistency to bounded or unbounded consistency:

    • at_plus: The Search query executes but requires that the Search index matches the timestamp of the last document update. You must provide a vectors object

    • not_bounded: The Search query executes without a consistency requirement. not_bounded is faster than at_plus, as it doesn’t rely on a vectors object or wait for the Search index to match the Data Service index.

    results

    String

    No

    To display an error instead of partial results if any index partitions are unavailable on a node, set results to complete.

    To return partial results from a query if a node is unreachable, remove the results property.

    {search-index-name} Object

    Use a {search-index-name} object to set the Search index and consistency vectors for a Search query.

    The {search-index-name} object contains a vBucket mapping and UUID property with the sequence number for each update to a vBucket’s data that you want to include in your search results. For example, the SearchIndexName object contains 2 vBucket mappings, UUIDs, and sequence numbers:

                "vectors": {
                    "searchIndexName": {
                        "607/205096593892159": 2,
                        "640/298739127912798": 4  
                    }
                },

    If your Search query uses an index alias that references multiple Search indexes, you must include a {search-index-name} object for each Search index in the alias.

    To get the vBucket mapping, UUID, and the sequence number for a data write, use a MutationToken from a Data Service MutationResult. The Data Service returns a MutationResult object or promise for CRUD operations. For more information, see Work with Documents.

    For examples on how to obtain and use a MutationToken with the Couchbase SDKs, see:

    Property Type Required? Description

    {search-index-name}

    Object

    Yes

    The name of the Search index that you want to search and use with consistency.

    The {search-index-name} object contains a {vBucketMapping}/{vBucketUUID} property for each document write operation that you want in your search results.

    Set the value of the property to the sequence number for the write operation.

    For example, if you had a property of 607/205096593892159": 2, the Search Service looks for a write operation on vBucket 607, with a UUID of 205096593892159, with sequence number 2.

    Highlight Object

    Use the highlight object to control how the Search Service highlights matches in search results.

        "highlight": {
    
            "style": "html",
            "fields": ["textField"]
    
        },
    Property Type Required? Description

    style

    String

    No

    Sets how the Search Service highlights a match from a search query:

    • ansi: The Search Service highlights matches with a yellow background (\u001b[43m).

    • html: The Search Service surrounds matches with <mark> and </mark> HTML tags.

    fields

    Array

    No

    Contains an array of strings for each field name where you want to highlight a search query match.

    If you include the fields array, the Search Service only highlights fields that are in the array.

    {facet-name} Object

    Use a {facet-name} object to create a search facet.

    You can have multiple {facet-name} objects inside the facets object in your search query.

        "facets": {
    
            "field1": {
                "size": 5,
                "field": "field1"
            },
    
            "field2": {
                "size": 5,
                "field": "field2",
                "numeric_ranges": [
                    {
    
                        "name": "high",
                        "min": 7,
                        "max": 10
    
                    },
                    {
    
                        "name": "low",
                        "min": 0,
                        "max": 7
    
                    }
                 ]
            },
    
            "field3": {
                "size": 10,
                "field": "dateField",
                "date_ranges": [
                    {
                        "name": "old",
                        "start": "2020-12-31",
                        "end": "2023-12-31"
                    },
                    {
                        "name": "new",
                        "start": "2023-12-31",
                        "end": "2024-12-31"
                    }  
                ]
            }
    
        },

    A {facet-name} object contains the following properties:

    Property Type Required? Description

    size

    Integer

    Yes

    Set the total number of categories to return with the search results for a Term facet.

    The Search Service orders facet categories from values with the most occurrences to the least occurrences.

    For Numeric Range and Date Range facets, the total number of categories returned depends on the number of ranges defined for the facet.

    field

    String

    Yes

    The name of the field to use to collect facet information.

    numeric_ranges

    Array

    No

    If you want to collect a Numeric Range facet, add a numeric_ranges array.

    A numeric_ranges array contains objects that define each numeric range you want to collect with your search results.

    For more information, see Numeric_ranges Array Objects.

    date_ranges

    Array

    No

    If you want to collect a Date Range facet, add a date_ranges array.

    A date_ranges array contains objects that define each date range you want to collect with your search results.

    For more information, see Date_ranges Array Objects.

    Numeric_ranges Array Objects

    The objects in a numeric_ranges array specify the range or ranges for a Numeric Range facet.

    For example, the following numeric_ranges array sets two ranges, high and low, to collect for a Numeric Range facet:

                "numeric_ranges": [
                    {
    
                        "name": "high",
                        "min": 7,
                        "max": 10
    
                    },
                    {
    
                        "name": "low",
                        "min": 0,
                        "max": 7
    
                    }
                 ]

    The Search query increments the count property for high when the value of the field in the {facet-name} Object is greater than 7 but less than 10.

    If the document’s field value is less than 7 but greater than 0, the query increments the count value for low.

    You can set both a min and max for a range, or just a min or max.

    Property Type Required? Description

    name

    String

    Yes

    The name for the numeric range.

    min

    Integer

    No

    The minimum value to compare against the value of the field in the {facet-name} Object.

    If a document’s value for the field is greater than min, the Search Service increments the count value returned in the Search query results.

    You can also define a max property to set an upper limit for your numeric range.

    max

    Integer

    No

    The maximum value to compare against the value of the field in the {facet-name} Object.

    If a document’s value for the field is less than max, the Search Service increments the count value returned in the Search query results.

    You can also define a min property to set a lower limit for your numeric range.

    Date_ranges Array Objects

    The objects in a date_ranges array specify the range or ranges for a Date Range facet.

    For example, the following date_ranges array sets two ranges, old and new, to collect for a Date Range facet:

                "date_ranges": [
                    {
                        "name": "old",
                        "start": "2020-12-31",
                        "end": "2023-12-31"
                    },
                    {
                        "name": "new",
                        "start": "2023-12-31",
                        "end": "2024-12-31"
                    }  
                ]

    The Search query increments the count property for old when the value of the field in the {facet-name} Object is later than 2020-12-31 but earlier than 2023-12-31.

    If the document’s field value is later than 2023-12-31 but earlier than 2024-12-31, the query increments the count value for new.

    You can set both a start and end for a range, or just a start or end.

    Property Type Required? Description

    name

    String

    Yes

    The name for the date range.

    start

    RFC-3339 formatted Date String

    No

    The starting date value to compare against the value of the field in the {facet-name} Object.

    If a document’s value for the field is later than start, the Search Service increments the count value returned in the Search query results.

    You can also define a end property to set an upper limit for your date range.

    end

    RFC-3339 formatted Date String

    No

    The ending date value to compare against the value of the field in the {facet-name} Object.

    If a document’s value for the field is earlier than end, the Search Service increments the count value returned in the Search query results.

    You can also define a start property to set a lower limit for your date range.

    Sort Object

    Use the sort object to control how the Search Service sorts search results.

    The following sort object orders search results by the values in field1, then by field2, the document’s score, and then the document’s ID value:

        "sort": [
    
            "field1",
                {
                    "by": "field",
                    "field": "field2",
                    "desc": false,
                    "mode": "max",
                    "missing": "last",
                    "type": "number"
                },
                "-_score",
                "-_id"
                
        ],

    The sort object can contain the following string values:

    Value Description

    {field_name}

    The name of a field in the Search index. The Search Service sorts documents based on the value of the field, in ascending order.

    To sort in descending order based on a {field-name}, add a hyphen (-) to the start of the field name string.

    _id

    The Search Service sorts documents based on their identifier value, in ascending order.

    To sort in descending order based on a document’s ID value, add a hyphen (-) before the underscore (_) in the _id string.

    _score

    The Search Service sorts documents based on their score value, in ascending order.

    To sort in descending order based on a document’s score, add a hyphen (-) before the underscore (_) in the _score string.

    To customize search result sorting beyond ascending and descending values, use a JSON object.

    JSON objects in a sort object can contain the following properties:

    Property Type Required? Description

    by

    String

    Yes

    Sets what value to use for the sort:

    • id: Uses the document’s ID value.

    • score: Uses the document’s score.

    • field: Uses the value of a specific field to sort. See field.

    field

    String

    No

    When by is set to field, specify the name of the field to use to sort search results.

    desc

    Boolean

    Yes

    To sort the values in the field in descending order, set desc to true.

    To sort the values in the field in ascending order, set desc to false.

    mode

    String

    Yes

    Set the order for search results when the field contains multiple values, such as an array:

    • default: Use the first value in the field as the sort key.

    • min: Use the smallest value in the field as the sort key.

    • max: Use the largest value in the field as the sort key.

    missing

    String

    Yes

    Set how the Search Service sorts documents that do not have a value for the field specified in field:

    • first: Documents with a missing value appear first and before other results in search results.

    • last: Documents with a missing value appear last and after other results in search results.

    type

    String

    Yes

    Set the data type of the field specified in field:

    • string: The field contains a string.

    • date: The field contains date/time data.

    • number: The field contains a number or geographic data, like a latitude or longitude value.

    unit

    String

    No

    When running a Geopoint Distance/Radius query, you can set the unit of distance to use when sorting documents.

    The unit of distance does not have to match the unit specified in the query object.