• concept
    The SDK takes care of failed or lost transactions, using an asynchronous cleanup background task.

    Transactions will try to clean up after themselves in the advent of failures. However, there are situations that inevitably created failed, or 'lost' transactions, such as an application crash.

    This requires an asynchronous cleanup task, described in this section.

    Background Cleanup

    Creating the Transactions object spawns a background cleanup task, whose job it is to periodically scan for expired transactions and clean them up. It does this by scanning a subset of the Active Transaction Record (ATR) transaction metadata documents, on each bucket.

    The default settings are tuned to find expired transactions reasonably quickly, while creating negligible impact from the background reads required by the scanning process. To be exact, with default settings it will generally find expired transactions within 60 seconds, and use less than 20 reads per second, per collection of metadata documents being checked. This is unlikely to impact performance on any cluster, but the settings may be tuned as desired.

    All applications connected to the same cluster and running transactions will share in the cleanup, via a low-touch communication protocol on the _txn:client-record metadata document that will be created in each collection in the cluster involved with transaction metadata. This document is visible and should not be modified externally as it is maintained automatically. All ATRs will be distributed between all cleanup clients, so increasing the number of applications will not increase the reads required for scanning.

    An application may cleanup transactions created by another application.

    It is important to understand that if an application is not running, then cleanup is not running. This is particularly relevant to developers running unit tests or similar.

    Configuring Cleanup

    The cleanup settings can be configured as so:

    Setting Default Description


    60 seconds

    This determines how long a cleanup 'run' is; that is, how frequently this client will check its subset of ATR documents. It is perfectly valid for the application to change this setting, which is at a conservative default. Decreasing this will cause expiration transactions to be found more swiftly (generally, within this cleanup window), with the tradeoff of increasing the number of reads per second used for the scanning process.



    This is the thread that takes part in the distributed cleanup process described above, that cleans up expired transactions created by any client. It is strongly recommended that it is left enabled.



    This thread is for cleaning up transactions created just by this client. The client will preferentially aim to send any transactions it creates to this thread, leaving transactions for the distributed cleanup process only when it is forced to (for example, on an application crash). It is strongly recommended that it is left enabled.