A newer version of this documentation is available.

View Latest

Adding Nodes to Clusters

  • reference
    Nodes are added to clusters with the POST /controller/addNode HTTP method and URI.

    HTTP method and URI

    POST /controller/addNode


    This adds a server node to the cluster. One or more services can be specified to run on the added node. These are kv (data), index (index), n1ql (query), eventing (eventing), fts (search), cbas (analytics), and backup (backup). If no services are specified, the Data Service is enabled by default.

    In 7.1+, heightened security is provided for adding nodes to clusters: a node that is to be added must itself be provisioned with conformant certificates before addition can be successfully performed. The new node is now always added over an encrypted connection. See Adding and Joining New Nodes.

    In consequence, a server to be added can be prefixed with the scheme https://, and/or can be suffixed with the port 18091): if no scheme or port is specified, https:// and 18091 are used as defaults. The scheme http:// cannot be used; nor can the port 8091, since in 7.1+, addition takes place only over a secure connection.

    Further to ensure cluster-security, in Couchbase Server Version 7.1.1+, restrictions can be placed on node-addition, based on the establishment of node-naming conventions. Only nodes whose names correspond to at least one of the stipulated conventions can be added. For information, see Restrict Node-Addition.

    Curl Syntax

    curl -u [admin]:[password]
      -d hostname=[IPaddress]
      -d user=[username]
      -d password=[password]
      -d services=[kv|index|n1ql|fts|cbas|eventing|backup]

    Note that the administrative username and password must be specified. If the new node has not yet been provisioned, placeholder names must be provided.


    Success gives 200 OK, and returns an object of the form {"otpNode":"ns_1@ip-address-of-added-node"}, to confirm that the node has been added. Specifying an unknown service gives 400 Bad Request, and an object of the form ["Unknown services: [\"unknown-service-name\"]"]. If the node to be added has already been provisioned, and its administrative credentials are not properly specified, 400 Bad Request is given, and an object is returned of the form ["Prepare join failed. Authentication failed. Verify username and password."]

    If the IP address of the new node is not accurately specified, or otherwise cannot be reached, 400 Bad Request is given, and an object is returned of the form ["Failed to reach erlang port mapper at node \"ip-address-of-new-node\". Error: ehostunreach"]. If the IP address of the host cluster is not accurately specified, or otherwise cannot be reached, the request times out, giving Empty reply from server. Failure to authenticate with the cluster gives 401 Unauthorized.

    If an attempt is made to specify a node to be added with the scheme http:// and/or the suffix 8091, the request fails with 400 Bad Request, and the error-message http is prohibited due to security reasons, please use https.


    The following example adds a server node,, to the cluster at, establishing the Data, Query, and Index Services on the new node. The IP address for the new server and its administrative credentials are provided.

    curl -v -X POST -u Administrator:password \ \
    -d 'hostname=' \
    -d 'user=Administrator' \
    -d 'password=password' \
    -d 'services=kv,n1ql,index'

    If successful, Couchbase Server responds as follows, identifying the node that has been added:


    Subsequent to addition, the node must be rebalanced into the cluster. See Rebalancing the Cluster.

    See Also

    For a conceptual overview of nodes, including options for adding nodes to clusters, see Nodes. For information on rebalancing, see Rebalancing the Cluster. For information on adding nodes and rebalancing by means of Couchbase Web Console and the CLI, see Add a Node and Rebalance.