cbbackupmgr Tool

    +
    cbbackupmgr is a tool for managing the backup and restore of Couchbase-Server data.

    Understanding cbbackupmgr

    The cbbackupmgr tool backs up and restores data, scripts, configurations, and more. It allows large data sets to be managed with extremely high performance. Use of AWS S3 storage is supported.

    Only Full Administrators can use cbbackupmgr; which is available in Couchbase Server Enterprise Edition only. Note that cbbackupmgr is not backward compatible with backups created by means of cbbackup.

    Planning for Disaster Recovery

    Backup and restore capabilities are critical to an overall Disaster Recovery Plan, and ensuring thereby business continuity. Administrators are therefore recommended to define plans for both Recovery Time Objective (RTO) and Recovery Point Objective (RPO), and make use of cbbackupmgr correspondingly.

    Backup Repositories

    All backup is stored in and recovered from a Backup Repository. In turn, a Backup Repository is stored in a Backup Archive on the filesystem. Each backup job in the Backup Repository stores its backup in two ways:

    • All bucket data is stored in a small, secondary database.

    • All bucket creation scripts and configuration files are stored on the file system, as files.

    Tool Locations

    The cbbackupmgr tool is installed, with all other tools, in the following per platform locations:

    Table 1. Backup Tool Locations
    Operating system Directory locations

    Linux

    /opt/couchbase/bin/cbbackupmgr

    Windows

    C:\Program Files\Couchbase\Server\bin\cbbackupmgr

    Assumes default installation location

    Mac OS X

    /Applications/Couchbase Server.app/Contents/Resources/couchbase-core/bin/cbbackupmgr

    How the Backup and Restore Tool Works

    By default, the cbbackupmgr tool performs incremental backups to back up only the new data. However, on a new cluster and for the first time, this tool generates a full backup. Each of the subsequent, incremental backups take a fraction of the time taken by the full backup.

    Archive Repository

    The backup archive is a directory that contains a set of backup repositories as well as logs for the backup client. The backup directory should be modified only by the backup client, and any modifications that are not done by that client might result in a corruption of backup data.

    Only one backup client can access the backup archive at one time. If multiple instances of the backup client are running on the same archive at the same time, this might result in corruption. To prevent such corruption instances, you may be required to create multiple backup archives depending on your use case.

    Version Compatibility

    For all versions except 6.5, cbbackupmgr must be run on a Couchbase Server installation that has the same major and minor version as the affected cluster. For example, to either back up data from or restore data to a cluster running Couchbase Server Version 6.6, cbbackupmgr must be run on a Couchbase Server Version 6.6 node: the node can be, but need not be, a member of the 6.6 cluster.

    Note that additional options are provided for using the 6.5 version of cbbackupmgr: these are described below.

    To restore a backup, the version of the Couchbase Server installation that was used to create the backup must be compatible with the version of the cluster to which data is to be restored. Details are provided in the following table:

    Table 2. Compatibility Options for Backup and Restore
    Restore to cluster running: Using tool provided with: Data previously backed up from cluster running:
    6.6 6.5 6.0 5.5 5.1 5.0

    6.6

    6.6*

    6.5

    6.5

    6.0

    6.0

    5.5

    5.5

    5.1

    5.1

    5.0

    5.0

    * AWS S3 options can be used only when restoring from a 6.6 backup. See below.

    Additional 6.5 Options

    When run on a node hosting Couchbase Server Version 6.5, cbbackupmgr can be used to back up data from a cluster running 6.5, 6.0, or 5.5. It can also be used to restore to a cluster running 6.5, 6.0, or 5.5 any backup previously made to the data of a cluster running any of those versions.

    6.6 and AWS S3

    The cbbackupmgr tool provided with Couchbase Server Version 6.6 supports the use of backup and restore with storage provided by AWS S3. Only data backed up from a cluster running Couchbase Server Version 6.6 can be restored, and only to a cluster that is also running Couchbase Server Version 6.6.